Sh. b. ‘Uthaymeen (RH) said,

Fasting ‘Ashura has 4 levels:

1 — That we fast on the 9th, 10th and 11th

This is the highest level because of the Hadith Imam Ahmad narrated in the Musnad,

❝ Fast on the day of ‘Ashura and differ from the Jews in doing so, fast a day before or a day after.❞

And in another wording (narrated by other than Imam Ahmad),

❝ Fast a day before and a day after.❞

And also because if a person fasts 3 days, they achieve the virtue of fasting 3 days in a month.

2 — Fasting on the 9th and 10th

Because of the Prophet’s ﷺ saying,

❝ If I remain (alive) until the following year, I will certainly fast the 9th❞

when it was said to him that the Jews used to fast on the 10th day and the Prophet ﷺ used to like differing from the Jews, in fact from every disbeliever.

3 — Fasting on the 10th & 11th

4 — Fasting on the 10th by itself

Some scholars said that this level is permissible, whereas other said that it is disliked.

Those who said it was permissible used as evidence the general meaning of the Prophet’s ﷺ statement, when he was asked about fasting on ‘Ashura,

❝ I have hope in Allah that He will wipe away the sins of the year before it❞

and he didn’t mention the 9th.

And those who said it was disliked said that the Prophet ﷺ said,

❝ …and differ from the Jews in doing so, fast a day before or a day after.❞

And in another wording,

❝ Fast a day before and a day after.❞

This necessitates (according to them) that it is obligatory to join another day to it for the sake of differing, or at least (it necessitates) that singling it out is disliked.

The opinion that it is disliked to fast the 10th alone is strong. So for this reason, we believe that a person should leave this (grey area) by fasting the 9th before it or the 11th after it.

And Allah, the exalted, knows best.

📚 Fatawa Liqa’ al-Bab al-Maftuh [95] Fasting / Voluntary Fasting

*Dates for 1438*
9th — Monday
10th — Tuesday
11th — Wednesday

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